What is Sigmoidectomy ?
Sigmoidectomy is the surgical removal of part or all of the sigmoid colon
(usually to remove a malignant tumor). The sigmoid colon is the part just above your rectum.
It is S-shaped.
Will it require surgery ?
You may need surgery if:
- You have diverticulitis with bleeding and infection. (Diverticulitis
is inflammation of the sacs formed at weak points along your alimentary tract.)
- Your diverticula, (the sacs described above), are ruptured, causing
inflammation of the lining of your abdominal cavity.
- You have cancerous or pre cancerous growths, (called " polyps").
How is the need for Surgery Determined?
- The surgeon will ask you about your medical history and will physically
- Tests may take place such as blood and urine studies, X-rays of upper
and lower gastrointestinal tract.
- An endoscopy may be necessary - involving a tube, with a miniature
light and optical system, being inserted into your body.
What does the operation Involve ?
- General anaesthetic by injection and inhalation with an airway tube
placed in the windpipe (trachea).
- An epidural catheter may be placed in the back for post-op pain control.
- An incision is made in the abdomen, and the abdominal muscles are opened.
- The sigmoid colon is isolated and clamps are placed at each end.
- All of the diseased sigmoid colon is cut free and removed.
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