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What is Sigmoidectomy ?

Sigmoidectomy is the surgical removal of part or all of the sigmoid colon (usually to remove a malignant tumor). The sigmoid colon is the part just above your rectum. It is S-shaped.




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Will it require surgery ?

You may need surgery if:

  • You have diverticulitis with bleeding and infection. (Diverticulitis is inflammation of the sacs formed at weak points along your alimentary tract.)
  • Your diverticula, (the sacs described above), are ruptured, causing inflammation of the lining of your abdominal cavity.
  • You have cancerous or pre cancerous growths, (called " polyps").

How is the need for Surgery Determined?

  • The surgeon will ask you about your medical history and will physically examine you.
  • Tests may take place such as blood and urine studies, X-rays of upper and lower gastrointestinal tract.
  • An endoscopy may be necessary - involving a tube, with a miniature light and optical system, being inserted into your body.

What does the operation Involve ?

  • General anaesthetic by injection and inhalation with an airway tube placed in the windpipe (trachea).
  • An epidural catheter may be placed in the back for post-op pain control.
  • An incision is made in the abdomen, and the abdominal muscles are opened.
  • The sigmoid colon is isolated and clamps are placed at each end.
  • All of the diseased sigmoid colon is cut free and removed.

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